Trauma changes the brain and causes involuntary reactions—such as fight, flight, or freeze—when the body perceives a threat. The prevalence of trauma is significant; in fact, the majority of adults and children with special needs have a history of past trauma. For individuals who have experienced traumatic events, the impact of re-experiencing that trauma through the use of restraints and seclusions can be devastating, reinforcing aggression and perpetuating a cycle of violence.
A trauma-informed approach ensures a thorough understanding of the neurological, biological, psychological, and social effects of trauma and violence on an individual. Training is just the starting point; creating an environment of Comfort vs. Control requires a true cultural shift within a school, organization, or other behavioral health setting.